PE in History
The medicine ball has long been considered one of the “four horsemen of fitness”. The other three include the dumbbell, Indian club and wand.
Medicine balls became extremely popular toward the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries. The term medicine ball was officially added to the English dictionary in 1895.
The famous Greek physician and philosopher, Hippocrates, had his patients use them for rehabilitation and health benefits. Hence the name “medicine” ball.
In the early 1930’s, President Hoover's personal physician, Admiral Joel T. Boone, invented a game called, “Hoover-Ball,” to help the President stay physically fit. It was basically the game of Newcombe except using medicine balls. It was played on a tennis court with 2-4 players per team. Points were scored by not returning the ball to the other side or the proper place on the other side. Often, the President’s cabinet members played with him earning the nickname the “Medicine Cabinet”.
Herbert Clark Hoover was an American engineer, businessman, and politician who served as the 31st president of the United States from 1929 to 1933.
If first class passengers wished to keep fit during their long cruise, they had easy access to the Titanic’s gymnasium. For an ocean liner of its time, having a gym with its own electric camel, electric horse, cycling machine and rowing machine was a true innovation.
The gym’s physical educator, Mr. Thomas McCauley would supervise the passengers, who were required to pay one shilling per session.
The gym was open according to the following schedule:
Ladies 9:00 am - midday
Gentlemen 2:00 - 6:00 pm
Children 1:00 - 3:00 pm